When a person is suspected to have cancer the doctor will ask for certain tests to be performed with blood and/or biopsy from a suspected area. The results obtained after analyzing these samples will help the diagnosis and to plan further advanced tests and/or treatment.
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In cancers blood is important as it gives information on the vital organs like heart, liver and kidney. Blood is also required for complete blood count (CBC) where counts of the blood components the red blood cells (RBC), white blood cells (WBC) and platelets are essential.
All these tests will give the doctor an idea of how well these organs are functioning and if they’ve been affected by cancer. Blood is also needed to detect certain abnormal immune system proteins (immunoglobulins) that are sometimes elevated in people with multiple myeloma.

Blood is also important to detect tumor markers like the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) for prostate cancer, cancer antigen 125 (CA 125) for ovarian cancer, calcitonin for medullary thyroid cancer, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) for liver cancer and human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) for germ cell tumors, such as testicular cancer and ovarian cancer.

MIO has a clinical laboratory and these tests are done regularly

Complete Blood Count (CBC)
Fine needle bone marrow aspiration
Liver function tests
Kidney/Renal function tests
Cardiac function tests
Thyroid function test
Microbial cultures
Tumor Markers (PSA, CA 125, CA 15.3, CEA, AFP, Beta-HCG)
Conventional histopathology with hematoxylin-eosin staining
Advanced immunohistochemistry for ER, PR, Her2-Neu, Ki67